Sunday, February 12, 2006

The prostitution cycle

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Also read:
Slave trade on de Wallen
A top attraction build on oppression
Strong victims

The following article also refers to the fourth report of Anna Korvinus (National rapporteur Human Trafficking), you can find that here (in English):
http://www.victimology.nl/onlpub/national/NL-NRMEngels4.pdf

I’m sorry, I removed this beautiful translation of this article from English into Dutch.

It seems I’ve violated copyrighting. I’m working on a summary.

Okay, just a very short summary:
Ruth Hopkins and Harm Ede Botje defend tolerance zones for street prostitutes where drug addicts, child prostitutes and victims of human trafficking can be safely abused under the approving eyes of social workers. They blame local governments for an inconstant policy of prostitution: first condoning, then legalizing, then prohibiting.

Anyway, just a very short snippet:

The prostitution cycle

Window-prostitution in the Spijkerkwartier of Arnhem ended last week. Soon the tippelzone (tolerance zone for street prostitutes) will be closed down and earlier the tippelzones in Rotterdam and Amsterdam were closed down. For the time being.

by Harm Ede Botje and Ruth Hopkins

Vrij Nederland, January 14 2006

(...)

Local rulers are struggling with the prostitution-policy. Tippelzones are opened and then closed, just as with streets with window-prostitution. Now there are even pleas for closing down de Wallen in Amsterdam. Illegal women are tolerated and then prosecuted and expelled. Human trafficking is utterly condemned, but the political will to do something about it is lacking. And to make matters worse, due to the rise of the internet and the mobile telephone prostitution has become more intangible than ever before.After the ban on brothels was lifted in October 2000 it seemed that the position of prostitution in the Netherland would improve. The women were given more rights and abuses should be counteracted by better supervision over the working conditions in the clubs and in window-prostitution. Now, 5 years later, little of all those beautiful prospects has materialized. A limited group of women who voluntarily and legally work in clubs and behind windows have profited without a doubt. But they are only a fraction of the 25.000 prostitutes in the Netherlands.Although minister of justice Donner recently stated in the Tweede Kamer [Lower House] that abuses were rare in the prostitution-business, more and more reports and articles appear which say the opposite. On de Wallen in Amsterdam human trafficking, exploitation and violence are common. According to a report of the PVDA [Dutch labour party] in Amsterdam there are children at work in illegal brothels in the Bijlmer. In the sexfarms in the North of the country there are serious abuses too, a recent investigation by whore-union the Red Thread made that clear. And the National rapporteur Human Trafficking Anna Korvinus showed in her report that a large number of brothels are rarely inspected by the police. Human traffickers have free play according to the rapporteur. Hundreds of foreign women in the Netherlands could have been forced into prostitution in the Netherlands. And because municipalities more often decide to close down prostitution-areas, illegal but also addicted Dutch women end up on the frayed fringes of Dutch society.

The same is true for Rotterdam. In September last year the local authorities in the port-city closed down the tippelzone on the Keileweg. There are rumours of degrading prostitution of addicted women. The municipality should not be the ‘city-pimp’ according to Leefbaar Rotterdam [‘livable Rotterdam’, a political party]. Alderman Marianne van de Anker of Leefbaar Rotterdam even proposed to give forced treatments to addicted women. ‘At least eighty procent of the Keileweg-girls who roam the streets should be protected against themselves. They are weirdos. It is an ethically unexplored area: I want to use more compulsion.’Council-member of the PVDA Karina Schaapman (ex-prostitutte and writer of the book ‘Zonder Moeder’[‘Without a mother’]) doesn’t want to go that far. But she also believes the government has the duty to stand up for unemancipated prostitutes. ‘The elite-feminists of the seventies assumed that prostitutes were all emancipated and independent women. Women who are well considered in their work. But again and again it turns out that this picture is not right and that it’s true for only a very small group. The majority is big misery. And at the moment you see big abuses, I believe you should act.’Nothing has happened with the proposal of Van de Anker to give prostitutes in Rotterdam forced treatments. Now the women are urgently requested to go to a crisis centre to be treated. Only 20 women reportedly have used that possibility. Suzanne Kern of the Rotterdam Prostitutie Maatschappelijk Werk [Rotterdam Prostitution Social Work] nearly detonates on the telephone. ‘We have been sent off none the wiser. We were supposed to get an eroscentre in return where the women could work. But that hasn’t happened.’ It’s difficult for Kern to get in touch with the street prostitutes. ‘On the tippelzone terrible things happened, but we could offer help. Now these things still happen, but you don’t see them anymore and it seems like a problem has been solved. There has been a morbid growth in escort-agencies who work via internet and mobile phone. Many women work in hotels and from their home. They are really invisible. You can’t get in touch with them.’ History repeats itself according to Kern. In the eighties there also was a prohibition on street-prostitution. It led to nuisance and that’s why the tippelzone opened. That zone is now regarded as a cesspool of vice and is closed down. Kern: ’It’s a cycle of tolerating, legalising, prohibiting.’

(...)

Also read:
Slave trade on de Wallen
A top attraction build on oppression
Strong victims

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1 comment:

Anonymous said...

Some time ago the city Rotterdam introduced a licensing system for escorts. This gives the authorities a lever to act on bad practices.